The following information has been prepared in order to familiarize you with the characteristics and terminology of the lighting products that are manufactured by Ashley Lighting. It is our hope that you will find this material to be informative, educational, and that it will greatly assist you in your efforts to specify and purchase lighting products.
Underwriters Laboratories (U.L.) is the worlds most recognized and trusted source for product compliance. Electrical products that bear the U.L. mark have been subjected to a series of tests and procedures that make them safe to use for the consumer. U.L. provides two separate and distinct listings for electric lighting mechanisms. These two listings are PORTABLE and DIRECT. Each of these two categories have their own identifiable labels that must be placed on the products and in an area that may be observed without requiring disassembly.
The defining difference between a PORTABLE and DIRECT fixture is that a portable lamp possesses a power cord with a plug for electrical connection. The cord of a DIRECT fixture does not have a plug and is directly wired to a junction box or outlet. For this reason, these fixtures are often referred to as "direct wired". Wall mounted lamps that have power supply cords with plugs are often a source of confusion regarding the U.L. listing. U.L. recognizes this as a PORTABLE fixture, even though it attaches to a wall. Ashley Lighting has been certified by U.L. to produce both PORTABLE and DIRECT lighting fixtures.
U.L. listing is typically required for all major Hospitality brands. In addition to this, state and local electrical codes typically require this listing before allowing a certificate of occupancy for the property. It is important to note here that on rare occasions, local codes are contradictory to U.L. codes. It is the responsibility of the General Contractor to know if U.L. listing is acceptable for the local codes. The U.L. label, which is attached to each U.L listed product, identifies the fixture as either PORTABLE or DIRECT. In addition to this, it also contains an identification number for the manufacturer of the fixture. You can determine the manufacturer of the product by visiting the Underwriters Laboratories website http://www.ul.com.
In order to be certified as a manufacturer of U.L listed and recognized fixtures, a manufacturer must commit to the following standards:
Use only electrical components that are U.L. listed and labeled
Perform a series of electrical tests on each manufactured product that ensure that there are no breaks in the electrical components or connections. These tests are performed with exceedingly high voltage that enable the manufacturer to detect potentially unsafe products.
Submit to unannounced sight inspections by field representatives of U.L. These field inspectors will check both finished goods and works in progress for U.L. compliance
Submit all new products to U.L. for compliance testing
ALL ASHLEY LIGHTING PRODUCTS ARE U.L. LISTED AND LABELED ACCORDINGLY
Table and Floors- Key Assembly Features
The Base is the terminating point for the threaded metal tube (pipe) that extends from the socket to the base weight. It allows for the lamp to be tightened securely by adjusting the locknuts against the inside surface of the base weight.
It also serves as a decorative concealment for the base weight.
Table lamps are often used to house data and/or electrical outlets for electronics usage, such as a laptop computer, these features are usually put into the base.
Base weights are provided on all floor and table lamps in order to provide stability.
U.L regulations require that floor and table lamps be stable enough to be placed on an eight degree incline without "tipping" over. This is referred to as a "Tip Test".
All Ashley Lighting floor lamps are provided with ten pound molded plastic weights. These weights have an advantage over the other materials in that they will not rust on the surface on which they are placed.
Table lamp base weight requirement is dependant upon the design of the lamp. Base weights range from 1 to 5 lbs. Most frequently, a two pound base weight will be sufficient to comply with the U.L. standard.
All Ashley Lighting floor and table lamps comply with the U.L. regulations for tipping.
All cord holes have a bushing which serves as protection for the cord by preventing the sharp edges of a material, such as a metal base or pipe, from piercing the insulation of the cord. Bushings are a U.L. Requirement
Column or Lamp Body
The column serves as a decorative concealment for the threaded metal tube (pipe) that extends from the socket to the base weight. It also provides support to allow the lamp to be tightened securely.
The pipe is a steel tube that is threaded on each end. This pipe is used to secure the socket, on one end of the lamp, to the base weight on the other end of the lamp.
Industry standard pipe measures .375" O.D. Ashley Lighting uses a .500" O.D. pipe on all floor lamps. This increased diameter provides for a more stable unit.
A floor lamp tray is an optional feature that may be supplied in glass, wood, laminated wood or metal. These trays can be specified in various sizes and shapes as well.
An Ashley Lighting standard tray is 16" diameter x 3/8" thickness tempered glass
Wall Mounted Lamps- Key Assembly Features
The back plate, of a wall mounted fixture , is the decorative cover that serves to connect the functional arm of the fixture to the wall.
The back plate will typically contain the switch that is used to operate the socket of the fixture.
It may also contain other functional items such as electrical or data outlets
The mounting plate is the removable portion of a back plate assembly that is attached to the wall.
The back plate is then attached to the mounting plate.
These mounting plates are typically constructed of galvanized steel and are attached to the wall by means of screws or hollow wall anchors.
Ashley Lighting mounting plates are manufactured from twenty gauge galvanized steel.
The arm is the portion of a wall mounted fixture that is constructed of several decorative elements, as well as the functional socket.
There is typically a horizontal attachment that connects the back plate to the vertical portion of the arm assembly. This attachment may be stationary or moveable.
The arm assembly may constructed of a wide assortment of materials as well as offered in a variety of finishes.
Portable (Fixtures with a cord and plug connection to a wall outlet) wall mounted lighting fixtures typically have a decorative cover that is supplied to conceal the cord ,from the point that it exits the back plate, to below the furniture, over which it is mounted.
The most common cord cover length is 24", but they can be produced in lengths up to 48".
Cord covers may be plated, painted, or powder coated.
Keyless-Medium Base A keyless socket is without a switch to turn the lamp off or on. Typically used in conjunction with a base switch. Keyless 3-way with 2 circuit 4 position switch Keyless 2 position operated by an on-off switch.
Push Thru Socket-Medium Base Operated by a slide bar that operates the bulb. Typically used on table, floor and desk lamps.
Rocker at Socket-Medium Base This socket is operated by a rocker switch. Nice alternative to the standard Push Through Socket. Typically used on table, floor and desk lamps.
Rotary Socket-Medium Base This socket is generally used for 3-way lighting applications. Typically used on table, floor and desk lamps.
Pull Chain socket-Medium Base The socket is operated by a pull chain. Typically used on table, floor and desk lamps.
S Cluster Socket-Medium Base The body of this device is in an "S" shape and contains (2) sockets. Because of UL requirements typical use is (2) 60 Watt incandescent bulbs with a 2 circuit 4 position switch. Will require special consideration to shade size for U.L. approval. Can be used on table, floor, desk lamp, and ceilings fixtures.
2 Light Side by Side Vertical Socket-Medium Base Similar to the "S" Cluster it contains (2) sockets but in this instance the sockets are aligned vertically. Because of UL requirements typical use is (2) 60 Watt incandescent bulbs with a 2 circuit 4 position switch. Will require special consideration to shade size for U.L. approval. Can be used on table, floor, and desk lamps.
2 Light Side by Side Horizontal Socket-Medium Base Similar to the "S" Cluster it contains (2) sockets but in this instance the sockets are aligned horizontally. Because of UL requirements typical use is (2) 60 Watt incandescent bulbs with a 2 circuit 4 position switch. Will require special consideration to shade size for U.L. approval. Can be used on table, floor, and desk lamps.
2 Light Horizontal Socket-Medium Base Similar to the "S" Cluster it contains (2) sockets but in this instance the sockets are aligned horizontally. Because of UL requirements typical use is (2) 60 Watt incandescent bulbs with a 2 circuit 4 position switch. Will require special consideration to shade size for U.L. approval. Can be used on table, floor, and desk lamps.
FullRange Dimmer Socket-Medium Base This socket has a Full Range Dimmer control. Typically used on table, floor and desk lamps.
UL Regulations require a minimum of 6' of power cord, measuring from the point the cord exits the base to the plug tip, on all table, floor and wall mounted lamps
Many customers elect to use three prong plugs with all wall mounted lamps, due to some municipality's interpretations of electrical codes. Most municipalities will approve these fixtures as long as they have a three prong plug.
2 CONDUCTOR SPT-105-U.L. Required Standard with most portable lighting
3 CONDUCTOR SVT 105-U.L Required for 110 Volt convenience outlets. Typically used where ground is required.
Please specify the type of light bulb you intend to use. Bulbs come in a large selection of types and sizes. The bulb type and size is a factor in the overall design of a lighting product. Listed below are some of the more commonly used.
Incandescent Used with medium socket base. Can be used in any type of fixture< Available in many sizes and wattages.
Circline-Medium or Pin Base
Spring-Medium or GU24 Pin Base
PL-Medium or GU24 Pin Base
Note: all compact fluorescents are equipped with electronic ballast, as part of the bulb, standardly.
LED < LED is a longer-lasting, energy-efficient lighting solution other than compact fluorescent or incandescent lamps. The LED lamps have a lamp life of 25,000 to 50,000 hours and are ideal for many applications. LED bulbs are offered in either medium or candelabra base for 24 or 120 volt applications
For more information please visit the following link.
Fabric or paper is laminated to a Polystyrene inner lining.
This is then secured to the top and bottom ring with adhesive tape.
Available with self fold trim or hand tucked.
Stretched shades are made with full framework, top and bottom ring welded together by ribs.
Stretched shades are made with an inner fabric lining, usually white, and an outer fabric that is stretched over the full framework.
Available with self fold trims and optional piping on the ribs.
Stretch shades are commonly referred to a "Silk Shades" which is misleading. Stretch shades are not necessarily made from silk. They can be made from a variety of fabrics including linen, cotton and blends.
Shades are available in a varied pleat styles:
Knife Pleat-No Trim
A pleated fabric or vinyl is applied to a polystyrene body.
Self fold trim is used at the bottom and top rings
Double and Single Fold-Trim is adhered over the top and bottom shade rings.
Self Fold-No Trim- Fabric is tucked and glued around the shade rings.
Decorative Trims-Decorative trims are available in a multitude of styles and materials. We will be happy to work with you on locating the perfect decorative trim for your project.
Diffusers are used to obscure the light bulb and diffuse the light from the bulb.
Diffusers can be utilized for debris and bug guard
Diffusers are used on the top, bottom or both areas of a shade or fixture.
Diffusers are available in Acrylic/Plastics, Metal and Glass
Special considerations to heat must be made when using a diffuser
CARE AND CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS:
All Ashley Lighting products are manufactured and finished to meet Hospitality standards. All finishes are completed by the application of a final protective coating. For this reason, all products should be cleaned with a soft cloth that is dry and free of any cleaning solutions. Many cleaning solutions will cause the removal of this protective coating, thereby exposing the surface of the lamp to abrasion and corrosion. If additional information is required, please contact the factory at 870-483-6181